Travis courses by alphabet

An alphabetical listing of Travis projects (view in chronological order) 

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ORIGINAL or REDESIGN PROJECTS  (50 courses)

Dates given indicate the year(s) when Travis did his design work, and not when the course construction was completed.  Where possible, we have included original designers of those courses listed as a “redesign” or “consultations”.  In addition, where information is available, the listing will include architects who did remodeling/renovation/restoration work subsequent to Travis’s involvement.  Our intent is to provide a comprehensive architectural history of each course.  Given the nature of this task, it is a work-in-progress that will change as new information is found.  We invite your assistance in fine-tuning, and expanding, our course listings.  

Key: 18-hole courses unless otherwise noted; (r) – Redesign/remodel;  FKA – Formerly Known As; NLE – No Longer Exists; LKA – Later Known As; NC - Never constructed; * – Need documentation to confirm)

(r) Augusta Country Club, Augusta, GA — 1924
Original designers: David Olgivie and Dr. William H. Harison (Travis created plans for a new 6th hole green on the Lake Course; NLE)

Camden Country Club (FKA Kirkwood Links), Camden, SC – 1923.  Donald Ross, renovation and redesign–1939; Kris Spence, restoration/renovation – 2010-2011

(r) Canoe Brook Country Club (North course), Summit, NJ — 1916  Jack Vickery and Alex Smith, original designers – 1902.  Shopping mall and highway construction have left very little of the original North Course.

(r) Cape Arundel Golf Club, Kennebunkport, ME — 1920.  Original design credited to Alex H. Findlay

Cherry Hill Club, Ridgeway, Ontario, Canada–1922.Bunker/tee renovation project under direction of C. E. “Robbie” Robinson in preparation for the 1972 Canadian Open Championship - 1971-72;  Bunker and tee renovation and restoration project under direction of Ian Andrew – 2008-09.

(r) Columbia Country Club, Chevy Chase, MD — 1919
With Dr. Walter S. Harban and Robert White.             Original designer, Herbert H. Barker, with assistance from Dr. W.S. Harban –1909

(r) Country Club of New Canaan, New Canaan, CT —Willie Park, Jr, original designer, 9-holes–1900;  Correspondence between Travis, club official Marshall Stearns, and William Tull about golf course under construction in 1924.  Club records report that major cost overrun in construction threatened bankruptcy of club, resulting in termination of the project.

Country Club of Scranton, Clarks Summit, PA –1925.   Renovation project, including bunkers, under direction of Tom Marzolf, of Fazio Design – 2010-11

Country Club of Troy, Troy, NY– 1926.  Bruce Hepner, of Renaissance Golf, bunker restoration project – 2007-08

East Potomac Park Golf Club, (with Walter S. Harban) Washington, DC – 1916.  An August, 1919 Brooklyn Eagle reported that, because of World War I, just 9 holes were constructed of the 18-hole Travis plan.  Travis lists East Potomac Park as one of his reversible courses.

Ekwanok Country Club, Assisting John Duncan Dunn, Manchester, VT — 1899.  Donald Ross, Consultation for course improvements — 1948; Robert Trent Jones, Recommendations for remodeling of a few holes–1956; Geoffrey Cornish, Remodeling/renovation of several holes–1958-1980;  Bruce Hepner, of Renaissance Golf, Restoration/renovation of bunkers, tees, 11th green–1998-present.

(r) Essex County Country Club, Manchester, MA — 1908.  With John Duncan Dunn*.  Original designer unknown.

(r) Flushing Country Club (FKA Flushing Golf Club) (NLE), Flushing, LI, NY — 1901  With John Duncan Dunn. Tom Bendelow, original designer– 1897.  (Added note:  A March 4, 1897 NY Sun article reported that Travis and Bendelow designed the original Flushing CC course.)

Garden City Country Club, Garden City, NY — 1916

(r) Garden City Golf Club (FKA Island Golf Links), Garden City, NY — 1901-10  Assisted by H. H. Barker and Stewart Gardner, club professionals.  Devereux Emmet, original designer – 1897-1899;  Tom Doak, consulting architect – 1987 to present; Restoration of 12th green under direction of Tom Doak – 2011-12

(r) Grand Mere Golf Club, Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada — 1920-23  Original designer, Frederik de Peyster Townsend, 1910

(r) Granliden on Sunapee (9 holes), Lake Sunapee, NH — 1924.  Original designer, Alex H. Findlay – 1907

(r) Grover Cleveland Muni (FKA Country Club of Buffalo), Buffalo, NY — 1910-11  Original designer unknown- 1902 opening.

Halloween Park Golf Course (9 holes), Stamford, CT — 1915  (NLE)

(r) Hollywood Golf Club, Deal, NJ — 1917
Original designer, Isaac Mackie–1914; Seth Raynor, remodeling–1916; Dick Wilson, remodeling–1956; Geoff Cornish, remodeling–1980s; Rees Jones and his Senior Design Associate, Keith Evans –1997-2012.

Jekyll Island Golf Club (Great Dunes Course), Jekyll Island, GA — 1926

(r) Lakewood Country Club, Lakewood, NJ — 1919
Original designers:  Willie Dunn, 1896, Tom Bendelow, 1899

Lochmoor Club, Grosse Pointe Woods, MI — 1917
Assisted John S. Sweeney

Longue Vue (9-holes)(NLE), Hastings-on-Hudson, NY — 1922

Lookout Point Country Club, Fonthill, Ontario, Canada – 1921.  Ian Andrew of Carrick Design, renovation and restoration - 1998

(r) Louisville Country Club (9 holes), Louisville, KY — 1924.  Original designer, Tom Bendelow – 1908; Keith Foster, renovation and restoration – 2003

Louisville Country Club (NC), Louisville, KY — 1924

(r) Milwaukee Country Club (NLE), Milwaukee, WI — 1924,  Original designer unknown

Mount Pocono Golf and Country Club  (9 holes)    Stroudsburg, PA — 1903

North Jersey Country Club, Wayne, NJ – 1921.  Robert Trent Jones, remodeling – 1978;  Brian Silva, bunker renovation–1994

(r) Oak Ridge Golf Club (NLE), Tuckahoe, NY — 1922
Original designer unknown

Onondaga Golf and Country Club, Fayetteville, NY. The 1917 Travis golf course plan included parts of 3 holes from the original, 1901 David Campbell course;  Stanley Thompson, renovation – 1928 (no evidence that Thompson’s plans were carried out); Stanley Thompson, designed an additional 9-holes – 1930 (NC); Hal Purdy, redesign of three holes – 1962; Wogan and Mitchell, redesign of the 3rd and 4th holes – 1982; Ian Andrew, bunker renovation and restoration, including construction of new 4th and 8th greens – 2008-2009.

Orchard Park Country Club (FKA Park Country Club), Orchard Park, NY – 1916.  Brian Ault, redesign, including construction of three new holes – 1994;  Ian Andrew, renovation/restoration – 2011

Pennhills Club (FKA  North Penn Club), Bradford, NY –1922  (9 holes were completed initially; the back nine of the Travis plan was completed in 1958 under the direction of architect, Dick Wilson)

(r) Poland Spring Golf Club, South Poland, ME — 1916
Original designer, Arthur H. Fenn (9-holes)- 1895; Donald Ross, redesign and expansion to 18 holes – 1913

Round Hill Club, Greenwich, CT — 1922

Sargowana Golf Club (18 hole design, NC), Brooklyn, NY — 1916

Sea Island Golf Club (Plantation 9), St. Simons Island, GA. - 1926.  Rees Jones, renovation of Plantation 9 – 1992;  Rees Jones, unified Plantation and Retreat 9s – 1998.

Spring Brook Country Club, Morristown, NJ — 1921

Stafford Country Club, Stafford, NY – 1921.  Stanley Thompson and Robert Trent Jones, consultation – 1930; Ian Andrew, bunker and tee renovation/restoration – 1999-2000. 

(r) Stamford Golf Club (FKA Stamford Country Club) Stamford, NY — 1923.  Original designer unknown

(r) Sunningdale Country Club, Scarsdale, NY – 1920 Seth Raynor, original designer – 1917.

The Golf Club at Equinox (FKA Equinox Golf Links), Manchester, Vt — 1925.   Rees Jones, remodeling – 1991.

Valley View Golf Club (FKA Roscoe Conkling Park), Utica, NY — 1916.   First nine holes constructed according to Travis plan in 1927 with the full 18 completed in 1930.

Westchester Country Club (South, West, and Short course; FKA Westchester-Biltmore Club), Rye, NY – 1919. Ken Dye, renovation and restoration of South course – 1997-1999, followed by bunker and tee renovation on West Course – 2000.

(r) White Beeches Golf & Country Club (FKA Haworth Golf Club) Haworth, NJ — 1918.  Original designer, Valentine Flood, 1902

(r) Yahnundasis Golf Club (27 hole plan), New Hartford, NY.–1922. Course constructed under supervision of Sherrill Sherman, using 11 holes from the Travis plan added to 7 holes from old course.  Travis 18 hole plan was completed in its entirety in 1931; 9-hole short course was not constructed.  George Low and Sherrill Sherman, original designers.

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CONSULTATIONS:  (31)

This listing of “Consultations” creates a record of those occasions when Travis gave advice for the improvement, care, or development of a golf course.  In some instances, he was asked to evaluate the suitability of a plot of land for a golf course.  On other occasions, he was asked to make suggestions for improvement of the condition or playability of a course.  The reports of advice provided by Travis were not always specific, and whether his advice was carried out has not been determined for many of the courses in this list.  Our objective is to establish a complete record of Travis’s influence on the landscape of North American golf courses, where ample documentation exists.

The claim that Travis was consulted on a golf course does not, in any way, discount the importance of the original designer(s), nor those architects who followed.

Atlanta Athletic Club  Atlanta, Georgia.  A November 1911 report in The American Golfer, reads, in part, “trapping of it as planned by Mr. Walter J. Travis had greatly improved it”. – 1911    

Bailey Park Country Club, (NLE), Mount Vernon, NY–1922  The July 15, 1922 issue of The Daily Argus reported that “Walter J. Travis, former national open golf champion, and now a golf course architect, made an inspection of the grounds yesterday and said they would be ideal for golf purposes.  He was deeply impressed with the layout of the grounds and after a careful survey spoke enthusiastically of the course that could be developed.”  The course is listed by the Tillinghast Society as an A.W. Tillinghast design.

Bonnie Briar Country Club, Larchmont, NY — 1921 (The April 15, 1921 issue of NY Sun reported on plans for a new golf course in Westchester Country, noting that “Walter Travis was employed to examine the land and he reported enthusiastically on its possibilities”.  The property had a “wonderful overlook over Long Island Sound”.)  Devereux Emmet and A. W. Tillinghast are credited with the design of the course.

Century Country Club*, Purchase, NY — 1922

Chevy Chase Club, Chevy Chase, MD — 1910
With Donald Ross and others.

Chicago Golf Club, Chicago, IL –t916.  Walter Travis “conferred with officials……regarding plans to restore the putting greens.”  American Golfer, November 1916, pg 53. 

Cobb’s Creek Muni, Philadelphia, PA — 1915

Columbia Country Club, Chevy Chase, MD.  Invited by club to inspect its new course designed by H.H. Barker and Donald Ross — 1909

Country Club of Springfield, Springfield, MA — 1915

Forest Park Golf Club, Bronx, NY — 1910

Fox Hills Golf Club (NLE), Staten Island, NY — 1906

Glen Echo Country Club, St. Louis, MO –1903.  Robert Foulis, original designer – 1901

Lakewood Country Club, Lakewood, NJ.   According to the October 11, 1909 NY Evening Post, “While extensive changes are being made in the links of the Lakewood Country Club under the direction of Walter J. Travis, golfing is not being interfered with…”. – 1909

Misquamicut Golf Club, Watch Hill, RI.– 1916.   Travis created a course layout at Misquamicut that was rejected because of financial concerns.  In 1921, Donald Ross was commissioned to design the course that currently exists.  There are notable similarities between the current layout and a course map allegedly drawn by Travis.

Mountain Ridge Country Club, West Caldwell, NJ.  mid-1920s  According to “100 Years of History for Mountain Ridge”, by Jeff Neuman (1912), published on the USGA’s website, Walter Travis was “hired” to “evaluate” the potential of its original site for a “first-class golf course”.  Based on Travis’s opinion, supported by Charles Banks and Seth Raynor, the club decided to seek other property for its golf course.

National Golf Links of American, Southhampton, NY, — 1910   Consulted with C.B. Macdonald, Devereux Emmet, and H.J.  Whigham.

Ormond Golf Club, Ormand Beach, FL — 1912

Paducah Golf and Country Club, Paducah, KY — 1925, Travis exchanged a series of letters with George Goodman, Chairman of Grounds Committee, in which he provided advice and information concerning the construction of sand greens. 

Palm Beach Club, Palm Beach, FL — 1912

Pasadena Muni Course, Pasadena, CA — 1924
1924 correspondence between Travis and the City Manager of Pasadena indicates that Travis had developed plans for a municipal golf course.  There is no evidence that the course was built.

Philadelphia Country Club,  Philadelphia, PA  Travis was paid $125 to examine and report on property proposed for a golf course.  He reported that the land was topographically unsuitable for a “first class” 18-hole golf course.  A few months later, when he learned that another site was being considered, he admittedly “solicited” the commission to design the course because he had “never laid out a course around Philadelphia”.1924

Pine Valley Golf Club, Pine Valley, NJ.  Consulted with George Crump.  There are reports that Travis drew plans for all holes, except #12, and created plans to make the first and 16th holes reversible — 1915

Pinehurst Country Club, Pinehurst, NC.  Consulted with Donald Ross on the #2 course. — 1904

Sankaty Head Golf Club, Nantucket Island, MA — 1922

Saratoga Springs–Bonnie Brook Farm, Saratoga Springs, NY.  The April 4, 1917 Troy Times reported, “W. J. Travis, the golf course architect, was called into consultation Saturday and pronounced the Bonnie Brook Farm favorable for not only one but for several eighteen-hole courses.”  There is no evidence that a course was built on the land that Travis examined. – 1917

The Country Club, Brookline, MA — 1910

The Park Country Club, Buffalo, NY.  Examined and approved golf course site on which Colt and Allison created the existing course. — 1924

Twin Ponds Golf & Country Club (FKA Utica Golf & Country Club), Utica, NY — 1915

Van Cortland Park Golf Club, Bronx, NY — 1906

Wanakah Country Club, Hamburg, NY — 1910

Yahnundasis Golf Club, New Hartford, NY.  The October 15, 1915 Utica Herald-Dispatch reported that “Walter J. Travis, the famous golfer, played around the links of the Yahnundasis Golf Club again today in order to study the course for the purpose of offering suggestions as to the improvement of the course by the erection of artificial traps, hazards, and bunkers.”1915

Yountakah CC (NLE), Nutley, NJ — 1924

12 Responses to Travis courses by alphabet

  1. victoria townsend zascavage says:

    Looking for information on Frederick De Peyster Townsend – my grandfather.

    • Shirley Homsey says:

      Thank you for your inquiry. I’ve just returned from being away several days. Give me a couple of days to respond with whatever information I can find in the Travis Society files. Ed Homsey, Travis Society Archivist.

    • Ed says:

      Victoria,
      I have sent you an email detailing the rather scanty information that the Travis Society possesses about your grandfather, Frederick de Peyster Townsend.

    • Richard Heye says:

      Victoria, I have put together a short paper about F. D. Townsend. Will be glad to share it with you. Dick Heye

      • edhomsey1930 says:

        Dick–I am hoping that Victoria checks back on our blog. Perhaps she will receive notice of your comment? Ed

      • Michele Palmer says:

        Hi,
        I’m researching Townsend for a Cultural Landscape Report on his home in Cooperstown, NY. I’d appreciate any info available!
        Michele Palmer

      • edhomsey1930 says:

        We do not have a lot of information on Townsend, but I’ll see what I have and get back to you. Ed Homsey

      • Ed says:

        Dick, Would you be willing to share your F.D. Townsend paper with the Travis Society? We would appreciate it greatly. Thanks.

  2. Ed says:

    Michelle,

    If you will reply to this comment through the TravisSociety@yahoo.com email, I will respond with our information on F.D. Townsend. In the meantime, I am wondering if you have had contact with his granddaughter who is at Xavier University?

  3. Randy says:

    I don’t see the Youngstown Ohio Country Club on the list. The clubs website says it was designed and built by Travis in 1911.

    • Ed says:

      Randy, You raise a very touchy subject for us. For many years, Youngstown CC was on our list, and we had regular contacts with a Youngstown CC friend, and provided a Travis Society plaque. However, a very dedicated, golf course architectural history researcher, who happened to be from Ohio, challenged our listing and provided documentation that clearly identified Herbert H. Barker as the architect of then, then Mahoning Golf Club. Please check the Feb. 1912 issue of “The Golfer”, the June 15, 1912 New York Evening Post, the Dec. 1, 1909 New York Tribune, and the Oct. 1911 American Golfer, pg 539-540. On the other hand, a June 23, 1912 Youngstown paper, The Sunday Vindicator contained a feature article about “Youngstown’s New Country Club”, in which it was stated, “Walter Travis of Garden City, Long Island, laid it out, and the construction was done under the supervision of a man sent here by him especially for that purpose”. Barker was the golf pro at Garden City Golf Club, where Travis was a member, and Travis once wrote that he and Barker often talked about golf course design. Interestingly, Travis never listed Youngstown CC in any of his several ads for his services as a golf course designer. The fact that Barker was described as the designer in the October 1911 issue of The American Golfer, Travis’s very own magazine, creates a major doubt in my mind. The scale of evidence seems to tilt in Barker’s direction.

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