Directory of Travis golf course projects

A chronological listing of Travis projects (view in alphabetical order) 

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ORIGINAL/REDESIGN/RENOVATION PROJECTS  (50)

Dates given indicate the year(s) when Travis did his design work.  The golf course construction was, in many instances, completed later.  Where possible, we have included original designers of those courses listed as a “redesign” or “consultations”.  In addition, where information is available, the listing will include architects who did remodeling/renovation/restoration work subsequent to Travis’s work.  Our intent is to provide a comprehensive architectural history of each course.  Given the nature of this task, it is a work-in-progress that will change as new information is found.  We invite your assistance in fine-tuning, and expanding, our course listings.  

Key: 18-hole courses unless otherwise noted; (r) – Redesign/remodel;  FKA – Formerly Known As; NLE – No Longer Exists; LKA – Later Known As; NC - Never constructed; * – Need documentation to confirm)

1899 — Ekwanok Country Club (assisted John Duncan Dunn) Manchester, VT  Donald Ross, Consultation for course improvements – 1948; Robert Trent Jones, Recommendations for remodeling of a few holes-1956; Geoffrey Cornish, Remodeling/renovation of several holes–1958-1980;  Bruce Hepner, of Renaissance Golf, Restoration/renovation of bunkers, tees, 11th green-1998-

1901 — (r) Flushing Country Club (FKA Flushing Golf Club), (with John Duncan Dunn) Flushing, LI, NY  Originally designed by Tom Bendelow in 1897. (NLE) (Added note:  A March 4, 1897 NY Sun article reports that Travis and Bendelow designed the original course.  No other documentation has been found to verify that report.)

1903 — Mount Pocono Golf and Country Club (9 holes), Stroudsburg, PA

1901-10 — (r) Garden City Golf Club (FKA Island Golf Links) (assisted by H.H. Barker and Stewart Gardner, club professionals) Garden City, NY,  Devereux Emmet, original designer, 1897-1899.  Consulting Architect, Tom Doak- 1987 to present; Restoration of 12th green, under direction of Tom Doak – 2011-12.

1908 — (r) Essex County Club (with John Duncan Dunn), Manchester, MA

1910-11 — (r) Grover Cleveland Muni (FKA Country Club of Buffalo), Buffalo, NY

1915 — Halloween Park Golf Course (9 holes), Stamford, CT (NLE)

1916 — Valley View Golf Club (FKA Roscoe Conkling Park) Utica, NY (The first nine holes opened in 1927, with the full 18 completed for the 1930 season.)

1916 — Garden City Country Club, Garden City, NY

1916 — Sargowana Golf Club (18 holes, NC), Brooklyn, NY.  Newspaper accounts indicate that this project was suspended because of WWI.

1916 — (r) Poland Spring Golf Club (with A.H. Fenn),  South Poland, ME  A. H. Fenn, Original designer of 9-hole course-1895; Donald Ross, redesign and expansion to 18-holes-1913.

1916 — Orchard Park Country Club (FKA The Park Club), Orchard Park, NY  Brian Ault, redesign – 1994; Ian Andrew, Renovation/restoration – 2011-

1916 — East Potomac Park Golf Club (with Walter S. Harban), Washington, D.C.  (An August, 1919 Brooklyn Eagle account reported that, because of World War I, just 9 holes were constructed though Travis was reported to have planned an 18-hole course.   Travis lists East Potomac Park as one of his reversible courses.)

1916 — (r) Canoe Brook Country Club (North Course),  Summit, NJ   Jack Vickery and Alex Smith, original designers–1902  (Shopping mall and highway construction has left very little of the original North Course)

1917 — (r) Hollywood Golf Club, Deal, NJ    Isaac Mackie, original designer -1914; Seth Raynor, remodeling-1916; Dick Wilson, remodeling -1956; Geoff Cornish, remodeling–1980s; Rees Jones and his Senior Design Associate, Keith Evans, renovation/restoration-1997 to 2012; Renaissance Golf, restoration – 2013–

1917 — Lochmoor Club (assisted John S. Sweeney), Grosse Pointe Woods, MI

1917 — Onondaga Golf and Country Club,   Fayetteville, NY  The Travis golf course plan included parts of 3 holes from the original, 1901 David Campbell course; Stanley Thompson, renovation–1928 (no evidence that Thompson’s plans were implemented); Stanley Thompson, designed additional 9-holes – 1930 (NC); Hal Purdy, redesign of three holes – 1962; Wogan and Mitchell, redesign of the 3rd and 4th holes – 1982; Ian Andrew, bunker renovation and restoration, including construction of new 4th and 8th greens – 2008-2009.

1918 — (r) White Beeches Golf and Country Club (FKA Haworth Golf Club), Haworth, NJ.  Renovation/restoration, John Harvey – 2008 -

1919 — Westchester Country Club (South, West, and 9-hole course. FKA Westchester-Biltmore Club), Rye, NY  Ken Dye, renovation and restoration of the South Course – 1997-1999, and bunker and tee renovation on the West Course – 2000.

1919 — (r) Columbia Country Club, Chevy Chase, MD.  (with Dr. Walter S. Harban and Bob White).  Herbert H. Barker, original designer, with assistance from Dr. W.S. Harban -1909

1919 — (r) Lakewood Country Club, Lakewood, NJ Original designers:  Willie Dunn, 1896, Tom Bendelow, 1899

1920 — (r) Cape Arundel Golf Club, Kennebunkport, ME  Original course credited to Alex H. Findlay.  Restoration/renovation, Renaissance Golf’s design associate, Bruce Hepner – 2002 -

1920 — (r) Sunningdale Country Club, Scarsdale, NY  Seth Raynor, original designer – 1917

1920-23 — (r) Grand Mere Golf Club, Shawinigan, Quebec.  Frederik de Peyster Townsend, original designer – 1910.

1921 — Lookout Point Country Club, Fonthill, Ontario. Ian Andrew of Carrick Design, renovation and restoration – 1998

1921 — Spring Brook Country Club, Morristown, NJ

1921 — Stafford Country Club, Stafford, NY  Stanley Thompson and Robert Trent Jones, consultation – 1930; Ian Andrew of Carrick Design, master plan/bunker/tee renovation/restoration – 1998-2000;  Ian Andrew, consulting architect-2001 – present.

1921 — North Jersey Country Club, Wayne, NJ Robert Trent Jones, remodeling – 1978;  Brian Silva, bunker renovation – 1994

1922 — (r) Oak Ridge Golf Club (NLE), Tuckahoe, NY

1922 — Longue Vue (9-holes) (NLE), Hastings-on-Hudson, NY

1922 — Cherry Hill Club, Ridgeway, Ontario, Canada C.E. “Robbie” Robinson, bunker/tee renovation in preparation for the 1972 Canadian Open Championship – 1971-72; Ian Andrew, bunker/tee renovation and restoration – 2008-09

1922 — Pennhills Club (FKA North Penn Club), Bradford, PA  Dick Wilson, supervised construction of remaining 8 holes of the original Travis plan–1958;  Ian Andrew, development of a golf course master plan – 2013

1922 — Round Hill Club, Greenwich, CT

1922(r) Yahnundasis Golf Club (27 hole plan), New Hartford, NY.–1922. Course constructed under supervision of Sherrill Sherman, using 11 holes from the Travis plan added to 7 holes from old course.  Travis 18 hole plan was completed in its entirety in 1931; 9-hole short course was not constructed.  George Low and Sherrill Sherman, original designers.

1923 — Camden Country Club (FKA Kirkwood Links),  Camden, SC  Donald Ross, renovation and redesign – 1939; Kris Spence, restoration/renovation-2010-2011.

1923 — (r) Stamford Golf Club (FKA Stamford Country Club), Stamford, NY  Original designer unknown.

1924 — Louisville Country Club (18 holes, NC),  Louisville, KY.  Original designer, Tom Bendelow

1924 — (r) Augusta Country Club, (Created plan for new green on 6th hole of the Lake Course; NLE) Augusta, GA  David Olgivie and Dr. William H. Harrison, original designers.

1924 — (r) Country Club of New Canaan, New Canaan, CT (Willie Park, Jr., original designer, 9-holes –1900; Correspondence between Travis, Club official Marshall Stearns, and William Tull refers to construction of a golf course in 1924.  Club records report that major cost overrun in construction, threatened bankruptcy of the club, resulting in termination of the project.)

1924 — (r) Louisville Country Club (9 holes), Louisville, KY Tom Bendelow, original designer, 1908  Keith Foster, renovation and restoration, 2003

1924 — (r) Milwaukee Country Club (NLE), Milwaukee, WI

1924 — (r) Granliden on Sunapee (9 holes), Lake Sunapee, NH  A. H. Findlay, original designer, 1907

1925 — Country Club of Scranton, Clarks Summit, PA Tom Marzolf of Fazio Design, renovation/restoration – 2010-11

1925 — The Golf Club at Equinox (FKA Equinox Golf Links), Manchester, VT  The course was formally opened on July 4, 1927, with Walter Travis in attendance and an exhibition match between Jess Sweetser and Francis Ouimet.  Rees Jones, remodeling – 1991

1926 — Country Club of Troy, Troy, NY  Bruce Hepner, of Renaissance Golf, restoration – 2007-08

1926 — Sea Island Golf Club (Plantation 9), St. Simons Island, GA.  Rees Jones, renovation of Plantation 9 – 1992 and unified the Plantation and Retreat 9s – 1998

1926 — Jekyll Island Golf Club (Great Dunes course), Jekyll Island, GA

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CONSULTATIONS: (31)

This listing of “Consultations” creates a record of those many occasions when Travis’s advice was solicited for the improvement, care, or development of a golf course.  In several instances, he was asked to evaluate the desirability of a plot of land for a golf course.  Or, more frequently, his suggestions were sought for improving the condition or playability of course.   Accounts of his consultations were not always specific, and whether Travis’s advice was carried out, for either general or specific improvements, cannot been determined for many of the courses listed under “consultations”.  Our objective is to establish a complete record of Travis’s influence on the landscape of North American golf courses, where ample documentation exists.

The claim that Travis was consulted on a golf course does not, in any way, diminish the importance of the original designers, nor those who followed.

1903 – Glen Echo Country Club, St. Louis, MO.  Robert Foulis, original designer, 1901.

1904Pinehurst Country Club, Pinehurst, NC.  Consulted with Donald Ross on the #2 course.

1906Fox Hills Golf Club (NLE), Staten Island, NY

1906 — Van Cortland Park Golf Club, Bronx, NY

1909 Columbia Country Club, Chevy Chase, MD. Invited by club to inspect its new course designed by H. H. Barker and Donald Ross.

1909 — Lakewood Country Club, Lakewood, NJ.  The October 11, 1909 NY Evening Post reported that “While extensive changes are being made in the links of the Lakewood Country Club under the direction of Walter J. Travis, golfing is not being interfered with..”

1910 — Forest Park Golf Club, Queens, NY

1910Chevy Chase Club,  Chevy Chase, MD.  With Donald Ross and others.

1910National Golf Links of America, Southhampton, NY.  Consulted with C. B. Macdonald, Devereux Emmet, and H. J. Whigham.

1910The Country Club, Brookline, MA

1910Wanakah Country Club, Hamburg, NY

1911 — Atlanta Athletic Club, Atlanta, Georgia.November 1911 report in The American Golfer, referring to the Atlanta Athletic Club, states that “trapping of it as planned by Mr. Walter J. Travis had greatly improved it”.

1912Palm Beach Club, Palm Beach, FL

1912 — Ormond Golf Club, Ormand Beach, FL

1915 — Cobb’s Creek Muni, Philadelphia, PA

1915 — Country Club of Springfield, Springfield, MA

1915 —Twin Ponds Golf & Country Club (FKA Utica Golf & Country Club), Utica, NY

1915 — Yahnundasis Golf Club, New, Hartford, NY  The October 15, 1915 issue of the Utica Herald-Dispatch reported that “Walter J. Travis, the famous golfer, played around the links of the Yahnundasis Golf Club again today in order to study the course for the purpose of offering suggestions as to the improvement of the course by the erection of artificial traps, hazards and bunkers.”

1915Pine Valley Golf Club, Pine Valley, NJ  Consulted with George Crump.  There are reports that Travis created designs for all holes, except #12,  and developed plans to make the first and sixteenth holes reversible.

1916Chicago Golf Club, Chicago, IL  Walter Travis “conferred with officials……regarding plans to restore the putting greens..., American Golfer, November 1916, pg 53)

1916Misquamicut Golf Club, Watch Hill, RI.  Travis created a course layout at Misquamicut that was rejected because of financial concerns.  In 1921, Donald Ross was commissioned to design the course that currently exists.  There are notable similarities between the current layout and a course map allegedly drawn by Travis.)

1917 Saratoga Springs–Bonnie Brook Farm, Saratoga Springs, NY.  On April 4, 1917, the Troy Times reported, “W.J. Travis, the golf course architect, was called into consultation Saturday and pronounced the Bonnie Brook Farm favorable for not only one, but for several eighteen-hole courses”.  There is no evidence that any golf courses were constructed on the land that Travis examined.)

1921 — Bonnie Briar Country Club, Larchmont, NY  The April 15, 1921 NY Sun reported on plans for a golf course in Westchester County, noting that “Walter Travis was employed to examine the land and he reported enthusiastically on its possibilities”.  The property had a “wonderful outlook over Long Island Sound”.
Devereux Emmet and A. W. Tillinghast are credited with the design of the golf course.

1920s – Mountain Ridge Country Club, West Caldwell, NJ.  According to “100 Years of History for Mountain Ridge”, by Jeff Neuman (1912), published on the USGA’s website, Walter Travis was “hired” to “evaluate” the potential of its original site for a “first-class golf course”.  Based on Travis’s opinion, supported by Charles Banks and Seth Raynor, the club decided to seek other property for its golf course.

1922Century Country Club*, Purchase, NY

1922Sankaty Head Golf Club, Nantucket Island

1922 — Bailey Park Country Club, (NLE) Mount Vernon, NY.  The July 15, 1922 issue of The Daily Argus reported that “Walter J. Travis, former national open golf champion, and now a golf course architect, made an inspection of the grounds yesterday and said that they would be ideal for golf purposes.  He was deeply impressed with the layout of the grounds and after a careful survey spoke enthusiastically of the course that could be developed.”  The course is listed by the Tillinghast Society as an A.W. Tillinghast design.

1924Pasadena Muni Course, Pasadena, CA  Correspondence between Travis and the City Manager of Pasadena, in 1924, indicates that Travis had developed plans for a golf course.  There is no evidence that a course was built.

1924Philadelphia CC, Philadelphia, PA

1924The Park Country Club, Buffalo, NY Examined and approved proposed golf course site on which  Colt and Allison created the existing golf course.

1924Yountakah CC (NLE), Nutley, NJ

1925Paducah Golf & Country Club, Paducah, KY.  Travis exchanged a series of letters with George Goodman, Chairman of Grounds Committee, in which he provided advice and information concerning the construction of sand greens.

9 Responses to Directory of Travis golf course projects

  1. Stuart Bendelow says:

    An Article published in the New York Sun on March 4, 1897, states that Walter Travis and Tom Bendelow played two games ( 36 holes?) at Oakland Golf Club. The first game was tied; in the second Travis won by a stroke on the last hole. In the morning, Travis and Bendelow journeyed to the Flushing Athletic Club and designed the course.
    It is interesting to find evidence of the interaction among the early architects.

    • edhomsey1930 says:

      Thank you for your comment. We were aware of the contacts, including rounds of golf, that Travis had with Donald Ross, and his relationship with H.H. Barker. Had not seen the reference to his golf with Tom Bendelow. Thank you for bringing it to our attention.

      Ed Homsey

  2. Ed says:

    I failed to take note of the part of your comment referring to Bendelow and Travis going to the Flushing Athletic Club and “designing the course”. If you could post that 1897 NY Sun article, it would be greatly appreciated. We have no record that Travis did any course designing as early as 1897. Thanks,

    Ed Homsey

  3. bill donovan says:

    In my pursuit to document a course in Norwich, CT. there is no reference that he either consulted or designed Norwich Golf Course. However on drawings his name appears,In Mr Cornish//Whittens book the course is credited to Donald Ross. Upon the city purchasing the course I passed it off as a Ross course and was challenged several years ago. Until recently I did not have the time to investigate but now I do and need advise and help

    • Ed says:

      Bill–Several years ago, we had some correspondence about a Norwich golf course. In fact. we were sent course maps of the course. I am fairly sure that Travis’s name was not on the map. But, perhaps we missed something. It would be great if you could get us a copy of the drawings with Travis’s name on it. We’re constantly amazed at how frequently, new information emerges about Travis’s influence on the development and/or design of golf courses.

      Ed

  4. http://www.norwichgolf.com/history.php
    Here is some information about Norwich from the club’s website.

    • edhomsey1930 says:

      Tony, I appreciate your bringing the Norwich Golf Club’s information to our attention. We have a Norwich Golf Club folder in our files, including the original Tull layout. I do not believe that we had the information indicating the original plan was changed, with the suggestion that it might have been due to Travis’s review of the plan. Our dedicated researcher, Rudy Zocchi, is currently working on the golf course listing, in a search for additional documentation. I will suggest that he do an exhaustive search for Norwich Golf Club, in the years 1924 to 1926. I feel that we need more documentation in order to add Norwich to our listing. Thanks again for your comment. we will keep you informed of any additional findings.

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